A Brief History of the International Tribunal
The Board of Tribunes was created during Phi Alpha Delta's ninth Convention, one of the most substantial changes ever adopted, established to decide cases and controversies within the fraternity. Only six years after the Articles of South Haven, in 1908, the first Tribunes were elected (Click here for a complete listing of all Tribunes).
In 1964, the name of the Board of Tribunes was changed to Supreme Tribunal, and in 1969 it was again changed to its current name, the International Tribunal. The Tribunal consists of a Chief Tribune and two Associate Tribunes.
Over the years, the Tribunal has issued Advisory Opinions at the request of the International Executive Board in the areas of membership and expulsion. It has also issued decisions in cases and controversies regarding honorary initiations, Convention credentials and the Alumni Chapter Tax. In 1976, work began on a digest of Tribunal opinions. In 2012, the Tribunal updated the digest and created an online index of opinions and decisions. The Tribunal also adopted a Canon of Ethics at its meeting in August 2009.
Article 5, Section 5.5 of the Fraternity's Policy Manual is now the authority for the Tribunal's rule-making. From time to time, the International Tribunal has issued and/or revised these rules. The following rules were adopted by the International Tribunal at its meeting held in San Antonio, TX on August 1, 1987, as revised by the 2014-16 Tribunal.